Next, the consumption of ingredients from the nation, by intercourse by one another was revealed in accordance with the dichotomised viewpoints


Brand new dataset used in so it data falls under the brand new Get across Federal Scholar Wellness Survey (CNSHS), a health survey certainly college student communities presented in several Eu nations . In the current research five internet sites was basically included, and that used the analysis inside the 2005: University from Bielefeld, Germany (DE); College off South Denmark (DK); Catholic University off Lublin, Poland (PL); and you may Sofia College or university, Bulgaria (BG). The analysis applied a home-given multiple-motif wellness questionnaire, also inquiries toward multiple health habits. The first questionnaire is made german born and interpreted into Shine, Bulgarian and you can Danish because of the two separate translators. Both versions was indeed compared as well as their disputes solved in the conversation with indigenous sound system mixed up in browse team. Brand new questionnaire try shared with first-season people throughout the regular categories throughout the finally part of chosen courses and you can accumulated immediately after becoming completed by the college students. No bonuses was basically given. The newest effect costs (according to amounts of returned forms) were >95% (Bulgaria, Poland), 92% (Denmark), and varied (60%–100%) having Germany depending on the surveyed groups (85% an average of, down response rates when you look at the high lecture rooms than in shorter meetings). The research included 2651 professionals. Gender is destroyed to have 60 people and an extra 189 got shed answers in a number of issues leading to a last decide to try size of 2402.


A dinner frequency survey (nine sign variables) analyzed consumption designs regarding sweets; cakes/cookies; edibles and prompt/processed eating; fruits; brutal and you may prepared make and you will salads; and meat and you will fish (look for Desk step 1). Brand new basic matter “How often can you eat the next food?” questioned users regarding the regularity of its usual use of for each food item individually (ranked with the a 5-point level: each day, every single day, a few times weekly, 1–4 bi-sexuelle Dating times thirty days, and never). These types of 5 groups was in fact collapsed towards a few categories: high frequency (on a regular basis/daily) and you may low frequency (from time to time a week/1–4 times 30 days/never). In the case of three factors (desserts, dishes and fish), high-frequency is defined as on a daily basis/daily/from time to time a week instead of low-frequency step one–fourfold thirty day period/never. This new software was centered on pre-current eating regularity questionnaires, adapted with the analysis and you may found in previous courses . Both face and you will stuff validity of the device were determined of the grounding the newest questionnaire towards the literary works comment. No certified attempt off legitimacy try did, but the survey try nearly the same as almost every other restaurants regularity surveys that had been confirmed, elizabeth.grams. [25, 26]. Practical question: “Where could you real time during college/college or university term time?” assessed students’ life style agreements while in the college words, with four closed selection and one open-end response (alone; with my companion; with my parents; with space-mates; other). Which variable was recoded on one or two possibilities: from the adult domestic instead of every other choice.

Advised agree and you can moral permission

Participation on the analysis are volunteer and you may unknown. Pupils have been informed you to because of the doing brand new questionnaire they were taking their told agree to participate. They were along with advised that they you certainly will terminate the brand new involvement from the people area whenever you are filling in the questionnaire. The brand new permission so you’re able to run the study is actually provided of the playing institutions: Bielefeld College in the Bielefeld (Germany), the brand new Catholic University off Lublin, Lublin (Poland), the new School out of Sofia within the Sofia (Bulgaria) and also the School out-of Southern area Denmark (Denmark).

Analytical investigation

The analysis was conducted using SPSS 17 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA), with statistical significance level set at p <0.05. First, the sociodemographic characteristics of the sample were presented by country and tested for differences using chi-square test. Bivariate comparisons were tested by chi-square test. When country and sex were considered simultaneously, logistic regression with main effects of country and sex and their interaction was conducted to obtain significance tests. When the interaction was not significant, it was removed and the model was re-estimated using main effects only. Third, the effects of not living at parental home on the consumption of the food groups were assessed in logistic regression models. Each sex-country combination was recoded into a new variable yielding 8 distinct groups. The interaction between this new variable and living at parental home versus other living arrangements indicated whether the effects were homogenous or varied across countries or by sex. When interaction term was significant, stratified analysis was carried out to present the effects across the sex/country combinations.